What is Theatre?
The Greek word ‘theatron’, which means a “place for looking,” is the source of the English word “theatre.”. Simply speaking, Theatre is a kind of art where actors tell stories to spectators under the following circumstances:
- Both the actors and the viewers are aware of their pretensions as the fictional characters in the stories.
- Performances occur in the here and now. Theatre history is any documentation of a performance, not the actual performance.
- Every performance places the actors and audience in a defined physical location that allows for immediate and direct sensory engagement.
- Every performance is controlled by an unspoken social compact wherein one or more performers consent to telling a tale to an audience and wherein the audience consents to seeing the actors tell the story.
Theatre is a subset of performing arts that focuses on the performance of plays and musicals. It has a global reach and a significant impact. The art of theatre is almost completely concerned with live acting performances in which every action is meticulously prepared to produce a meaningful and unified feeling of drama within an audience’s time and space framework.
The collaborative art form of theatre uses voice, movement, words, and visual elements to convey meaning. Theatrical forms found in film, television, and other electronic media are also included in the field of theatre, in addition to live spontaneous and written performances.
Students can reflect on significant life issues through theatre practise, which helps them become more sensitive to and understanding of other people’s perspectives.
Since theatre is a crucial component of both English language arts and performing arts, the groundwork for theatre is laid from birth as children build their own interpersonal communication abilities.
The term “drama” is often used to refer to theatre in general, which is historically constricting and extremely ethnocentric even though it technically belongs to a literary genre (along with prose and poetry).
There is an intriguing paradox that characterises the study of music theatre. Its predominant form, the opera, has been the pinnacle expression of theatrical culture for two centuries, commanding the highest financial support and taking up crucial roles in political representation.
‘Dance theatre’ and ‘theatre dance’ are phrases that have only recently been coined to describe dance styles that are primarily performed in theatre settings. Technically, any type of dance can become “theatrical” by being performed in front of a crowd.
Puppet and Mask Theatre
Puppet theatre draws on a wide range of customs and artistic genres. It spans from straightforward hand-held glove puppets to extremely intricate productions using objects, marionettes, masks, and real actors.
Parts of Theatre
- Orchestra (dancing space): A circular, level area where the chorus would perform dances and songs as well as interact with the performers on the stage below.
- Theatron (viewing place): It is where the audience sits. Usually, the hillside that overlooked the orchestra was home to the theatron.
- Skene (tent): Depending on the requirements of the play, the skene, which was directly behind the stage, was typically decorated as a palace, temple, or another edifice. Actors could enter and exit the space through at least one set of doors.
- Parodos (Spanish term for passages): The routes used by the chorus and a few actors as they entered and left the stage. Before and after the play, the crowd utilised them to enter and exit the theatre.
Types of Theatre
- Street Theatre: Theatre performances that take place outside rather than in a theatre and typically don’t charge admission are referred to as street theatre. Buskers, musicians, jugglers, and other street performers are examples of this style of theatre.
- Experimental Theatre: The phrase “experimental theatre,” which covers a wide range of experiments with atypical performance choices, dates back to the early 20th century when artists started to question traditional theatrical rules in an effort to revive theatre as an art form.
- Improv Theatre: Live theatrical performances in which the characters, dialogue, and plot are created on the fly, frequently with audience participation and suggestions.
- Virtual Theatre: A COVID-19 pandemic safety innovation that primarily involves the use of social media and online platforms like Zoom to transmit live theatrical performances.
Theatre is a dramatic art form that covers a live, group performance with actors who perform in front of an audience.There are various sorts of theatres with various architectural styles that serve various functions for the kinds of acts that the venue hosts.