Understanding Dyslexia


The learning disorder that affects ones ability to read, write, speak and spell is known as Dyslexia. Although it is a neurological condition, that has no relation to intelligence, which means children born with this developmental reading disorder (DRD) has the normal intelligence and educational opportunities.

If we break the word ‘Dyslexia” where ‘Dys‘ means ‘difficulty‘ and ‘lexia‘ refers to ‘words‘, so as the name and it meaning says that ‘a person having difficulty with words’. Dyslexia is the common disorder that affects numerous people around the world, the statistics till date is of around 5-17% people those are been diagnosed with this suffering of dyslexia from different degrees.

Dyslexia is a lifelong condition and should not be counted as a disease. It is the condition where the brain processes the information in a different way than the normal one.

Noticeable thing is that, it is mistakenly thought that the person who is unable to read properly is having vision issue, however the sufferer think it as a reversing letters or writing backwards, but simply its an issue with the language. There are numerous stories of an officials, entrepreneurs and actors who have been suffering from this problem but have step up and achieved success in their respective fields.

Causes of Dyslexia

As mentioned above Dyslexia is not a disease, neither the person suffering from this condition are lazy or stupid. In fact, it should be counted as the neurological condition where the working of a brain while dealing with the words becomes challenging or complexed and therefore it becomes more effortful for the person to read, and write or speak any word quickly and errorless. On addition, understanding the words after reading is also troubling for them.

Dyslexia has connection with the genes that are said to be responsible for this type of brain processing while reading. Even it is noticed that this condition runs in families, secondly, family history of dyslexia can also act as the causative factor for the next generation.


It has been observed that proper guidance to the children’s with the Dyslexia can make them succeed in their educational institutions and even in their career too. The one thing that is required is to diagnose such issues on time and to guide them properly, thus making them run in a proper track will make them stronger emotionally and mentally as a well to achieve their targets. Upcoming points are the few symptoms where severity may vary, and is demonstrable as soon as the child starts to read.

Before going to school the young child shows the sign who are at risk of dyslexia includes:
Learning new word slowly; late talking; difficulty in remembering names, colors, and letters; trouble in learning nursery rhymes, games, and facing problems in forming words or reversing words that sounds similar.

During the school age the symptoms of dyslexia becomes more apparent that includes – problems in understanding and processing what is heard, difficulty in reading with regard to age, troubles in getting the answers, sentence formation, spelling errors, pronunciation of new words, taking more time in completion of the task than the usual one (reading and writing), skipping from the activities that involves the reading part.

Common signs and symptoms of Dyslexia observed in teens and adults are that they are slow and reading and writing, they found challenging to read aloud, making common spelling error, facing difficulty in learning other languages, while solving math word problems, while summarizing any story and taking more time in reading and writing and understanding any small tasks even.


Dyslexia can give rise to other major problems, such as:

Social problems: If not diagnosed on time and left untreated, it will lead the person to low self-esteem, anxiety, behavior issues, and less interactive with their friends, teachers, parents and closed ones.

Trouble in learning: The most basic skill since childhood is the reading which as needed to learn the maximum subjects, however a child with dyslexia is at the disadvantageous side and face trouble while doing such activities.

Eye sight may get affected: There can be medical issue too with the person having dyslexia, as they try to emphasize more to get the reading correct and due to which their eye sight may get effected.

Problems in adulthood: Due to their slow activity of reading, comprehending, and writing such person face the obstacle of growing as the usual one. This can lead to negative long-term, social and economic impacts.

When to visit a doctor

A health care provider is the one who can diagnose and suggest the best way to deal with this problem, as we know that the children are ready to learn and read in their kindergarten stage or in the beginning of the first grade, whereas a child with dyslexia will face trouble in doing such activities and take long time. The guardians should be proactive and visit the health care provider to get better understanding of the signs and symptoms they noticed within their child.

The bottom line

Dyslexia is not a disease, rather its the brain activity that makes the child a slow reader and face issue in writing and speaking unfamiliar words. Its should be the parents and teachers who can notice this and bring the child under proper guidance and treatment, which will be beneficial throughout the life and student will gain confidence to make his career and cop up with other hurdles too. These challenges are not the problems with the one’s ability’s and intelligence.

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